Krisztián SZABÓ
Lecturer
University of Debrecen, Law Faculty
Hungary

 

Abstract:

The phenomena of corruption and organized crime had been considered as relatively unknown for a long time in Hungary.
After the political transformation of the country, from the 1990s did official politics acknowledge the more and more powerful presence of organized crime and of the closely connected acts of bribery, which offered one serious challenge after another for criminal investigators.
Undoubtedly, the “large scale influx of capital caused by the political transformation, the internal contradictions of the reformation of the economy, privatization, the conspicuous polarization and moral crisis of society fulfilled the conditions for crime to become organized and to change in quality.”
As a result of this, the presence of organized crime had become more and more perceptible also in Hungary, and the situation had been worsened further by the fact that the types of crimes that had been previously committed in organized circumstances became different, and turned more severe.
The economic system and the structure of wealth distribution in the previous social establishment were not favorable for the formulation of the modern organized crime, although the trading of illegal goods and services (basically certain fashion and luxury articles, and other articles of personal use) proved partially to be organized.

Attachments:
Download this file (2014v2_A9.pdf)2014v2_A9.pdf[Penal Means of Substantive Law against Acts of Corruption and Organized Crime in the Hungarian Witness Protection]269 kB2016-06-22 17:21