Milan ŽARKOVIĆ, PhD
Vice Dean, Academy of Criminalistics and Police Studies, Belgrade
Republic of Serbia
West University Timişoara, Law Faculty
As a global contemporary phenomenon, the criminal offense of human trafficking, due to its complexity and varsity of the phenomena, as well as the numerous modalities of recruitment, control and exploitation of victims, is becoming drastic in scales.
The ever more severe consequences that impact the victims and the social community as a whole, demand an unequivocal, strong and synchronized response.
Considering the fact that human trafficking, as a rule, is a regional or even a global problem that cannot be efficiently solved only on a national level, one of the most important roles in its efficient suppression is the international multilateral or bilateral cooperation between countries.
In order for such cooperation to be possible, with the aim to successfully fight this extremely negative phenomenon, modern countries must primarily create an adequate and mutually coordinated legal framework.
Keeping this idea in mind, this paper will present the genesis of incrimination of socially negative behaviors such as human trafficking, and other related and similar behaviors, and the current provisions in the criminal legislature of the two neighboring countries – the Republic of Serbia and Romania, with the aim to possibly encourage the legislator of one country to analyze the legal solutions of another country and consider the possibility of implementing good and efficient solutions into its national legislature.