Assistant Professor
University St. Kliment Ohridski - Bitola, Law Faculty


Human trafficking, like every other appearance, has adjusted its characteristics on the conditions and opportunities in modern world.
Its normal functioning is directly dependent from possibilities in community.
Starting from the fact that the phenomenon is a complicated criminal process, its research asks the crime to be analyzed from different aspects. All of those aspects refer to one side of the crime, connecting it with same or similar acts, leaving us possibilities to discuss the existence of synonyms, antonyms and homonyms.
Today’s form of human trafficking, gives us a possibility to connect it with other similar practices from past and search its roots.
Through analyses of past and today’s forms we could conclude that their content is still the same, that what changes is only the form, and to some levels the roles of subjects and objects of the crime.
The paper, starting from 2002, will draw a line and put on the surface the changes of victim’s characteristics, their origin, and their demographical characteristics and all to that to show how human traffickers adapted on territorial, political, social and judiciary changes and new legal methods and tools.
So, we can make a difference between chronological parts, a case study analysis will be used, analyzing the case of the notorious human trafficker in Macedonia, D.B.L., which case study will directly point out the deficiencies of the legal system before the Palermo Protocol.

Download this file (2016v1_A8.pdf)2016v1_A8.pdf[Inside or outside: human trafficking flows and changing dimensions (The case of the Republic of Macedonia)]317 kB2016-11-25 15:26