István Lászlo GÁL, PhD
University of Pécs, Law Faculty
Corruption is a term used by criminology, but the new Hungarian Criminal Code included it as a concept of substantial criminal law since it bribery and the related criminal acts are discussed under the title of crimes of corruption.
In case of bribery two actions are required and confronted, meaning that it has at least two subjects: an active and a passive briber.
The active briber is the one for whom a decision is important.
The passive briber is the one who has the right to pass the decision.
The active briber gives or promises a kind of advantage or price and in exchange therefore this person expects the passive briber to pass a decision as it was required by the active briber.
The bribed person accepts this advantage and usually decides according to the expectations of the active briber.
This process is like a business agreement, and unfortunately is almost as usual in the everyday life of Hungary, Europe and China as well.